ERIC Number: ED226305
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Feeling Threatened Intellectually: The Role of Gender, Sex Role, Self-Esteem.
Berzins, Lisa G.
While it can be inferred from the literature that intelligent women are often perceived differently than are intelligent men, it remains unclear which individuals are and are not threatened by intelligent men and/or women. To explore parameters affecting the perception of an intelligent other person as threatening, 202 college students were presented with written vignettes portraying a highly intelligent male (John) or female (Joan). Students were asked to rate the two on threat, likeability, admirability, and adjustment. Results showed that regardless of gender, individuals low in intellectual self-esteem (ISE) were significantly more threatened by an intellectually superior person. Men, overall, had higher ISE scores. Masculine-typed and androgynous persons were less threatened than feminine-typed and indeterminate persons. Men low in general self-esteem (GSE) were more threatened by either John or Joan. Further research is needed to determine why individuals low in ISE do not react similarly to men and to women. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).