ERIC Number: ED226185
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
Occupational Desegregation in CETA Programs: The Record for Female and Male Hispanic, White, and Black Participants
Waite, Linda J.; Berryman, Sue E.
The occupational distributions in the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) programs and the wage implications of these for men and women of different racial and ethnic origins were examined. Data came from two projects on CETA, both using Continuous Longitudinal Manpower Survey data. One assessed the nature and equity of men's and women's CETA experience, the other--ethnic and racial differences. Relative to men with the same placement characteristics, women were more likely to enter CETA under Title I (basic education, job training, work experience services) and less likely to enter under Titles II and IV (public service jobs). Small or no effects of race and ethnicity on CETA occupational status and wages were found. Training or working in traditional male or mixed occupations gave women higher CETA wages than training or working in traditional female occupations. CETA wages were consistently lower for women than men in the same occupations, CETA service, or traditionality category. CETA employed 80 percent of the women and 67 percent of the men in occupations whose unsubsidized counterparts had the lowest wages and highest unemployment rates. In CETA training, CETA retained the percent of women in lower wage occupations but reduced the percent of men to 50 percent. (YLB)
Descriptors: Blacks, Employment Patterns, Employment Programs, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Ethnic Discrimination, Federal Programs, Females, Hispanic Americans, Job Training, Males, Nontraditional Occupations, Public Service Occupations, Racial Discrimination, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Whites, Work Experience Programs
The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($4.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act