ERIC Number: ED225520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
The Case Against the Comprehensive Exam.
Morris, Jon D.
The question of whether performance measures may be more accurate than examination methods to assess an individual's abilities and knowledge is examined, based on a literature review. An information processing view that focuses on the internal activities of thinking and the relationship to external stimuli is considered. Information processing studies indicate that: (1) a person applies one's own rules and strategies in problem-solving, and (2) a comprehensive test is a general test that does not consider the fact that some individuals may require more information or time to sufficiently answer the question. Attention is directed to "executive control processes," or mechanisms that vary among individuals and that determine the learner's information processing approaches for different learning tasks. The functioning of the executive control process in a problem-solving activity is related to progressive deepening and reaction time. Progressive deepening is a process that humans go through as problem-solvers in a hypothetical action. It is proposed that the evaluation of individuals exposed to performance-oriented instruction should include attributes of the performance orientation, flexible time constraints, and freedom to use one's own strategies. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Comprehensive Examinations