ERIC Number: ED225468
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
From Predisposition to Reassessment: Stages in the Responses of Colleges and Universities to Increased Black Enrollment.
Gamson, Zelda F.; And Others
The dynamics of responses of white colleges to increased black enrollment were investigated during 1974 and 1975. Interracial teams first undertook field work at 13 colleges and universities that experienced a substantial increase in black enrollments between 1968 and 1972, and students, faculty, and administrators at 4 of the 13 institutions were then surveyed. The sample included: four small, private colleges (Lewis University and Bradley University in Illinois, Carleton College and Macalester College in Minnesota); two large, private universities (Northwestern University in Illinois and a school that wished to remain anonymous); four small, public institutions (Clarion State College and California State College in Pennsylvania, the University of Missouri, Kansas City, and State University of New York, Brockport); and three large public universities (Bowling Green State University, Ohio, and two colleges that wished to remain anonymous). Attention is directed to: predisposing internal and external forces; active recruitment of blacks; conflict during the transition; active accommodation for black students through development of programs and support; and reassessment. None of the 13 institutions had full institutionalization (i.e., legitimated review procedures and high institutional priority on black programs), although more than half seemed to be approaching partial institutionalization (i.e., no legitimated procedures but high priority on black programs). (SW)
Descriptors: Accountability, Affirmative Action, Ancillary School Services, Black Students, College Desegregation, College Environment, Compliance (Legal), Conflict Resolution, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, Program Evaluation, Racial Attitudes, Racial Relations, Self Evaluation (Groups), Student College Relationship, Student Needs, Student Recruitment
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: This paper was identified by a joint project of the Institute on Desegregation at North Carolina Central University and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education at The George Washington University. Paper presented at the National Conference on Desegregation in Higher Education (Raleigh, NC, July 19, 1979).