ERIC Number: ED225356
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Examining the English Examination. A Study of the Linguistic Content of ESLAT.
Mohr, Eugene V.
An analysis is presented by the Puerto Rico office of the College Board of the English as a Second Language Achievement Test (ESLAT), which was undertaken to measure the specifications and item content of the examination against the students' performance. The report, based on 400 randomly selected structure items used in one or more versions of ESLAT, focuses on an examination of differences in question form, success of the distractors, linguistic factors affecting item difficulty, and ways these factors operate on student responses to certain areas of grammar. The linguistic factors examined are frequency of occurrence in common usage, range of applicability, variability, interference, and reinforcement of an English language pattern by a native language pattern. After the study of the interplay of these factors, the language areas tested by the 400 items are divided into four levels of difficulty and significant correlations between certain language areas and difficulty levels are discussed. In addition to the structure items, 10 reading selections are examined and discussed. Finally, an attempt is made to relate the ESLAT results to the emphases in the textbooks used in Puerto Rican public high schools. It is concluded that, while the ESLAT is an excellent testing instrument, interference problems are still a major source of difficulty for English as a second language students. (AMH)
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, English (Second Language), Error Patterns, Interference (Language), Language Tests, Secondary Education, Standardized Tests, Stress Variables, Test Validity, Testing
Puerto Rico Office of the College Entrance Examination Board, Apartado 1275, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico 00919 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, Hato Rey, PR. Puerto Rico Office.
Identifiers: College Entrance Examination Board; Puerto Rico