ERIC Number: ED225269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Preparing Facilitators for Implementation: Mirroring the School Improvement Process. A Study of Dissemination Efforts Supporting School Improvement.
Crandall, David P.; Loucks, Susan F.
A review of five of their own research findings suggests (to the authors) four strategies for preparing facilitators to help implement school improvement programs. "Facilitators" are people who support teachers in implementing new classroom practices, and can include principals, district staff, or external providers of support. The five findings concern fitting preparation to needs, commitment, training specific to new practices, posttraining followup, and the variety of people who play facilitating roles. Indepth discussion of each finding, based on personal experience, shows that (1) different intentions or needs require different preparations or training, so that facilitators with more to learn will require more extensive training; (2) commitment to a new practice is a precursor to success; (3) training should be specific to facilitator roles and skills and should include actual facilitating; (4) followup assistance for facilitators is needed, including coaching and resources; and (5) facilitators should be aware of where best they can facilitate, given their official role in the system. The four strategies suggested for facilitator development would apply for different situations and tasks. They include facilitator selection, formal facilitator training, development of support systems (such as principals' centers), and networking to provide assistance. (RW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budget, and Evaluation.
Authoring Institution: Network of Innovative Schools, Inc., Andover, MA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).