ERIC Number: ED225252
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Voucher Movement as a Freedom of Choice Issue.
After describing the history of the educational voucher movement, this paper briefly discusses the various voucher models that have been proposed and considers some of the issues for and against the establishment of voucher systems. Tracing the voucher concept back to Adam Smith, Thomas Paine, and John Stuart Mill, the author notes that after the 1850's the voucher idea lay relatively dormant until revived in the wake of the Supreme Court's desegregation rulings in the 1950's. Four general types of voucher plans have developed: Friedman's Unregulated Voucher Model, the Sizer-Whitten Vouchers for the Poor Model, Jencks' Regulated Compensatory Model, and Coons and Sugarman's Family Power Equalizing Model. These models all encourage parental choice, provide regulatory mechanisms, depend on state funding, and seek increased educational equity. The models differ in their eligibility requirements, the amount of funding provided per student, and the way equity is determined. The major issues to be decided when adopting voucher plans are which schools will participate, what the state's role in school regulation will be, how much vouchers will be worth, how the plans will be financed, and what effects the plans might have on rural education. (Author/PGD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Northwest Center for State Educational Policy Studies.