ERIC Number: ED225192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Changing Children's Attitudes toward the Physically Disabled. Research Report 2/82.
McKerracher, William S.
A study was conducted to determine the effect of a play, a curriculum kit on disability, and a speaker confined to a wheelchair on students' attitudes toward the disabled. Subjects were 150 male and 174 female secondary school students from seven Australian schools. The play presented common myths and fallacies about the disabled and then debunked them. The curriculum kit presented factual information on disabilities and case histories of disabled persons coping with their lives. An experimental pretest and posttest design was used to determine attitudes toward the disabled. The results indicated that the play was very effective in improving nondisabled children's attitudes toward the physically disabled. The curriculum kit lessons improved the children's attitudes but not to a statistically significant extent. The speaker also has a positive but negligible effect on attitudes. In addition, the results indicated a significant interaction between the play and the curriculum kit, with the kit having reduced the effectiveness of the play. The pretest indicated that females had a more positive attitude toward the disabled than did males, while the posttest indicated that females also improved their attitudes more than the males. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Victoria Education Dept. (Australia).