ERIC Number: ED225142
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of Oral Responses of Urban First Graders in Five Different Reading Programs.
Putnam, Lillian R.; Farber, Frances
A study compared selected language features of children in five different reading programs. Selected for study were two first grade classes from each of five urban school districts that were using either the Lippincott, Language Experience, Houghton Mifflin, Open Court, or the Ginn 720 basal reading programs. A prereading test was administered to determine if significant differences existed between the groups in reading readiness. In the fall, a story was read aloud up to its climactic point to each child individually, and each was asked to predict a story ending. Responses were taped, transcribed, and analyzed. The process was repeated in the spring. Statistical analyses were completed for (1) total number of predictions, (2) total number of words expressed, (3) number of T-units, (4) average length of T-unit, and (5) average syntactic complexity. Children in the Lippincott and Ginn 720 programs made significant gains in number of predictions. Children in those two programs and the Language Experience program made significant gains in total number of words. The Lippincott, Language Exerience, and Houghton Mifflin programs made significant gains respectively on number of T-units, total number of words, and average syntactic complexity. Those in the Open Court program made no significant gains on any of the variables, while those in the Lippincott program did so on three of the five variables. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Eastern Regional Conference of the International Reading Association (4th, Boston, MA, December 2-5, 1982).