ERIC Number: ED225090
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Family Based Treatment: A Minimally Restrictive Alternative with Special Promise.
Hawkins, Robert P.; Luster, William Clark
This paper focuses on two dimensions of interventions for disturbed and disturbing youth, i.e., treatment intensity and restrictiveness. Treatment intensity is presented as a dimension of intervention that includes the factors of: (1) the individualization of the assessment and the treatment plan; (2) the amount of time spent engaging in the activities that are intended to produce behavior change; (3) the amount of "stimulus support" (modeling, instruction, self-instruction, verbal and physical prompting) provided to produce effective, appropriate behavior; (4) the extent to which "motivating operations" are used to assure the effectiveness of reinforcers; (5) the magnitude and scheduling of consequences for effective and ineffective, inappropriate behaviors; and (6) the degree of programming for generalization to the youth's natural environment. The restrictiveness of an intervention is defined in terms of the degree to which available activities deviate from the norm and to which rules limit involvement in such normal activities, the similarity of types and frequency of social contacts to the norm, and the similarity of the physical environment to that encountered by others. The materials describe a program of youth treatment in a family environment to provide highly individualized care. Residential treatment alternatives requiring minimal, moderate, and maximal restrictiveness and treatment intensity are compared. Advantages of the family-based teatment are discussed, including better use of funds, flexibility, incidental learning, and effectiveness as well as risks and limitations of the program. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Deinstitutionalization (of Delinquents)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).