ERIC Number: ED225080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Beyond Crisis Counseling: After-Effects of Sexual Assault.
Rape is a significant trauma that causes the victim immediate as well as long-term difficulties. A cross-section of rape survivors and matched controls completed questionnaires about current somatic, psychological, and social difficulties. The time since assault for the rape group varied from 6 months to 8 years. Factor analysis yielded eight factors of note, with significant differences between victims and controls on six of the eight factors. Affective anxiety accounted for nearly 20% of the variance and included tiredness, sexuality problems, depression, and guilt. The differences between the groups remained constant across the time span from 6 months to 99 months past the assault. These findings suggest that rape may create a vulnerabiltiy in victims which makes them respond to normal stress with heightened psychological, somatic, and social problems. Counseling may need to refocus on long-term difficulties. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).