ERIC Number: ED224735
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Toward a New Model of Fertility: The Effects of the World Economic System and the Status of Women on Fertility Behavior.
Ward, Kathryn B.
A relationship exists between high birth rates and the lowered status of women in developing nations, resulting from their country's economic development. Research was based on data from various sources on 34 developed nations and 92 developing nations throughout the world. Variables included income inequality, foreign trade structure and investment, women's share of tertiary education and the labor force, infant mortality rate, and family planning program efforts. Findings indicate that economic structures produced by foreign investment and dependency generate inadequate economic and social resources, especially for women. Specifically, with the introduction of new industries and investment from developed countries, women who previously produced similar goods in cottage industries lose their market and are unincorporated into the industrial labor force. Even though women tend to be primary agricultural producers, new technology grants access to cash crops and financial credit to men only. Thus, women can only raise their status by childbearing since the social and economic value of children remains high. The incorporation of women into development is necessary to reduce fertility rates; without such, family planning programs will continue to have limited effect. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, CA, September, 1982).