ERIC Number: ED224691
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Using the Microcomputer to Teach Problem-Solving Skills: Program Development and Initial Pilot Study. Report from the Project on Studies in Mathematics. Working Paper No. 328.
Moser, James M.; Carpenter, Thomas P.
This document reports on the initial phase of a project investigating how to relate formal mathematical representational and problem solving skills to informal strategies that children naturally invent to solve simple addition and subtraction problems. A program was developed that allows pupils to solve word problems on a microcomputer. A pilot study was carried out with four first-grade children. The subjects were individually instructed for a series of nine 20-minute lessons. The results of the study indicated that the program is effective in teaching representational and problem-solving skills. Before instruction, the subjects consistently wrote incorrect sentences for incorrect problems and generally did not use their number sentences for their solutions. Following instruction, three of the four children consistently used number sentences to solve a wide variety of addition and subtraction problems. It is concluded that further investigation seems warranted, and that this pilot investigation suggests that microcomputers can have important roles in instruction. (MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Center for Education Research, Madison.
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research; Word Problems