ERIC Number: ED224554
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Housewife's Process of Identity Change in Cognition, Emotion and Action.
To estimate variables describing identity change, Finnish housewives with work skills were interviewed after their children entered school. Thirty mothers who had remained at home with their preschool-age children were interviewed twice: once when their youngest child was 8 years of age and again when the child was 11. Of these mothers 15 were working fulltime, 4 halftime, and 11 were at home. Participants were selected on the basis of the following criteria: they were between 30 and 40 years of age, had some vocational training but not an academic education, and were married to men with middle-class incomes. During both interview sessions, each woman was questioned individually about how she experienced different aspects of her life. During the second session, the husbands and the youngest children were also interviewed. Subsequently, the women were classified into three groups according to how far they had proceeded in the process of redefining their identities as workers and mothers. The first group had not yet begun the process of redefinition, the second had started but not completed, and the third had completed the process. This identity change was estimated with respect to three levels: cognitive, emotional, and action. Ratings on these levels were taken separately for mother identity and for work identity. Contrary to expectations, subjects exhibited change first on the action level, second on the cognitive level, and third on the emotional level. Additional results are discussed. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Finland; Self Awareness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the International Council of Psychologists (Los Angeles, CA, August 27-29, 1981).