ERIC Number: ED224442
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Cooperative Learning in Inderdisciplinary Education for the Allied Health Professions.
Lynch, Bonnie L.
The concept of cooperative goal structuring was examined, along with the effect of one cooperative learning technique (group consensus examinations) on the perceptions and achievement of college students. Cooperative goal structure exists when students perceive that they can obtain their goal only if the other students with whom they work also obtain their goals. The group consensus examination was chosen because of its effect in stimulating discussion and depth of processing. The sample consisted of 93 University of Kentucky students enrolled in an allied health colloquium representing the fields of community health, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, and allied health education teacher training. Students were divided into 12 interdisciplinary groups and were trained in the group consensus decision-making mode by participating in the "Winter Survival Exercise" (Johnson and Johnson, 1975). Results indicated that when compared with the traditional (individual) mode of testing, group consensus examinations had a significant positive effect on the perceptions of students regarding the clarity and importance of course topics. Achievement on the unit quizzes was higher, and although no difference was found between the two treatment groups on final examination scores, student performance was superior to that of previous years. The eight training topics were: group development, problem solving, communication, ethics, handicapped, patient problems, aging and death, and legal problems. (SW)
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Cooperation, Course Evaluation, Decision Making, Educational Innovation, Educational Research, Goal Orientation, Group Discussion, Group Testing, Higher Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, Interpersonal Communication, Interpersonal Relationship, Student Attitudes, Team Training
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Group Consensus Examinations
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Medical Technology (Houston, TX, June 1982).