ERIC Number: ED224379
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The White Presence at Traditionally Black Public Colleges and Universities: A Synopsis.
Brown, Charles I.
The origins and patterns of white presence on traditionally black public colleges and universities (TBPCU's) are considered for six distinct periods: (1) the pre-Civil War period, 1837-1859; (2) the period of the educational missionary, 1860-1885; (3) the period of reaction to white control, 1886-1916; (4) the decade of the great philanthropists, 1917-1927; (5) the era of the Bureau of Education, 1927-1954; and (6) the desegregation era, 1954 to the present. Prior to the beginning of the Civil War in 1860, the comparatively few blacks who managed to receive some education did so in practical areas and for utilitarian reasons. Twenty-eight blacks received a college education during this period, and two institutions of higher learning for blacks were helped into existence by white Quakers and Presbyterians. Several TBPCU's trace their origins to the second period, founded either by private institutions supported by missionary groups or as extensions of the federal government's Freedman's Bureau. During the third period, schools were able to teach on a higher level than in the past; some consolidated and all became better organized, but black institutions remained poorly financed and equipped. The third period occurred in reaction to the virtually all-white control of most of the black institutions. The fourth period seems to have had its root in the educational philosophy expressed by Booker T. Washington, who advocated that black education should concentrate on technical and manual training. The fifth period helped initiate the accreditation of black colleges. Finally, during the sixth period, the Supreme Court mandated desegregation. Information on specific colleges is included. (SW)
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Black Colleges, Civil Rights Legislation, College Administration, College Desegregation, College Role, Educational Development, Educational History, Equal Education, Financial Support, Government School Relationship, Higher Education, Private Financial Support, State Colleges, United States History, Whites
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brown v Board of Education; Washington (Booker T)
Note: This paper was identified by a joint project of the Institute on Desegregation at North Carolina Central University and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education at The George Washington University. The paper was also presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (Norfolk, VA, March 5-8, 1980).