ERIC Number: ED224374
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Nov-13
Reference Count: 0
Model for Determination of Student Attrition: Causes and Trends. B.E.N. Student Retention.
Keim, H. David, II; Stevenson, Alice F.
A model for the identification and analysis of student attrition within the North Carolina community college system was tested in 1980-1981.The three institutions selected to conduct the study--Beaufort County Community College, Edgecombe Technical College, and Nash Technical Institute (BEN)--named the project the BEN Student Retention Research Project and began work in April 1980. Objectives included the following: to define the concept of attrition and distinguish students labeled as dropout from other nonreturning students; to develop and validate instruments to collect data on student attrition and survey college applicants and currently enrolled students regarding factors related to attrition; to assess the causes of attrition; and to develop a model for the study of attrition that could be implemented by each institution within the community college system. The following areas were considered regarding the community college nonpersister: demographic characteristics, academic factors, and nonintellective factors (e.g., motivation, personality variables, and financial needs). A review of the attrition literature is presented, and attention is directed to institutional climate and services and student-reported reasons for withdrawal. The research design for the North Carolina system includes a static-group comparison to assess a relatively large population at one point in time and to discover comparative incidence, distribution, and interrelations of variables. The study population consists of students in 7 of the 58 institutions of the community college system. The final model is to be used on the institutional level. Appended materials include: research questions, the Applicant Survey Questionnaire, the Currently Enrolled Student Survey, the Survey of Noncontinuing Students, and a bibliography. (SW)
Descriptors: College Desegregation, Community Colleges, Data Collection, Dropout Research, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Models, Research Methodology, School Surveys, State Surveys, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition, Student College Relationship, Student Needs, Two Year College Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: North Carolina Community College System
Note: This paper was identified by a joint project of the Institute on Desegregation at North Carolina Central University and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education at The George Washington University. The paper was also presented at the Annual Meeting of the North Carolina Association for Institutional Research (November 13, 1980).