ERIC Number: ED224367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct-30
Reference Count: 0
Attrition and Retention.
Brasher, Daniel E.; And Others
Trends in beginning freshmen attrition were studied at the University of Tennessee, Martin, for the fall quarters of 1977, 1978, and 1979. One part of the attrition study used the American College Testing (ACT) program's withdrawing/nonreturning student survey, while a second approach was based on the computerized People Oriented Information System for Education, which maintains the student database files. The compositions of the three freshmen classes were cross-tabulated by sex and ethnic category. The male/female composition of the classes reversed for 1978 and l979 as compared to 1977, but the ethnic makeup was basically unchanged. Approximately 37 percent of the fall quarter first-time college freshmen did not return the following fall, and about 50 percent remained after 2 years. On the ACT survey, nonreturning students indicated major and minor reasons for leaving college, and almost 32 percent of the respondents cited one of the following three reasons as the single most important: desired major not offered, marital status changed education plans, or wanted to move to a new location. Based on the comparison of the student databases, no significant differences in attrition were found between males and females or between blacks and whites for the 1977 class. For the 1978 class, male attrition was statistically higher than the female rate (41.9 percent and 32.3 percent, respectively). The total student attrition rate between fall 1977 and 1978 did not change significantly, but the fall 1979 attrition rate was significantly lower for black students than for white. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Black Students, College Desegregation, College Freshmen, Comparative Analysis, Dropout Attitudes, Enrollment Influences, Ethnic Groups, Females, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Minority Groups, Sex, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: University of Tennessee Martin
Note: This paper was identified by a joint project of the Institute on Desegregation at North Carolina Central University and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education at The George Washington University.