ERIC Number: ED224342
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Bilingual Education for Guest Workers.
Bilingual education programs in West Germany and Sweden for the children of foreign workers are described. The 4.5 million foreign workers come particularly from Turkey, but also from other southern European countries, from other member nations of the European Economic Community, and from Asia and Latin America. Some are immigrants, some political refugees, and some temporary migrant workers. The following school programs are directed to the children: transitional programs of German as a second language, maintenance bilingual programs, and bilingual/bicultural programs that follow the curriculum of schools in the foreigner's country of origin. German is then taught as a foreign language. In the first instance, the goal is assimilation of the foreign worker's child, while in the second case, it is acculturation; and in the third, eventual repatriation. It is suggested that segregated classes for these children interfere with social integration, and that the weak educational background, especially of Turkish children, and their cultural and linguistic differences interfere with scholastic achievement. These students fail to qualify for postsecondary vocational programs and frequently remain unemployed on leaving school at age 15, the end of compulsory schooling. Sweden has initiated new programs for foreign workers' children. Schools are to offer bilingual/bicultural education to ensure equality of educational access for these children and to preserve their freedom of choice as to where they will eventually reside. (Author/SW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Acculturation, Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingualism, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Foreign Workers, German, Immigrants, Language Maintenance, Migrant Workers, Minority Groups, Multicultural Education, Refugees, Second Language Instruction, Social Integration
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Sweden; West Germany
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).