ERIC Number: ED224266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Planning State Fiscal Policies to Meet Local Needs. Special Education in America: Its Legal and Governmental Foundations Series.
Weintraub, Frederick J.; Higgins, Scottie
Part of a series on the legal and governmental foundations governing education of handicapped and gifted children, the document explores the local variables that uniquely affect the cost of educating handicapped children and which thereby should be considered when developing state special education fiscal policies. An initial section outlines three phases (the benefactor role, programmatic role, and facilitator role) in the development of public policy and fiscal responses; and reviews critical factors to be considered in decision making, including the fiscal resources from which education can be supported, the needs of the population, and distribution factors. Practical examples of how local variables within eight factors influence state special education fiscal policies are described. The eight factors addressed are: population characteristics (population size, density, increasing/decreasing enrollment, eligibility criteria, interagency shifts, magnet effect); individual education needs (procedural protection, intensity of services, duration, multiple agency criteria); service delivery systems (program services, service providers, private insurers); governance structures (type of governance units, responsibility vs. authority, special education and the school budget); system costs (geographic location, price level variations, contract negotiations, resources); resources revenue-generating wealth, tax-levying authority, availability of community resources, private services, personnel resources); timing and predictability (dollar flow, fiscal stability, contingency capability); and accountability (state education agency responsibilities, local education agency responsibilities). The document concludes with a brief outline of basic principles influencing the cost of special education and related services. (SW)
Descriptors: Costs, Decision Making, Disabilities, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Policy, State Government, State School District Relationship, Statewide Planning
The Council for Exceptional Children, Publication Sales, 1920 Association Dr., Reston, VA 22091 (Publication No. 255, $4.00).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston, VA.
Note: For related documents, see EC 150 651-652.