ERIC Number: ED224153
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Analysis of the Choice for Public and Private Education.
Gemello, John M.; Osman, Jack W.
Key factors influencing the decision to attend private school are identified in this paper. It looks at the factors accounting for varying rates of private school attendance and estimates the responsiveness of such attendance to government support. It studies the variation in private school attendance rates at three levels: across states, across districts in California, and across census tracts within the San Francisco Bay Area. At each level, the authors analyze which economic, social, religious, and ethnic characteristics are significantly related to private school choice. Findings indicate that the concentration of Catholic families is positively associated with parochial school attendance. Family income is, in general, a significant factor in explaining nonparochial school enrollments. Parochial school attendance rates are less responsive to income changes than are nonparochial rates. Estimates of combined parochial and nonparochial income elasticity range between .54 and .95. Thus public policies to increase average family income through major tax cuts, a fixed limit tuition tax credit, or educational vouchers would increase private nonparochial enrollments by an estimated 0.54 to 0.95 percent for every 1 percent increase in average family income. Finally, private school attendance rates, particularly parochial school rates, are positively associated with higher proportions of minority students in the public school. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Catholic Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Influences, Family Income, Federal Aid, National Surveys, Parochial Schools, Private School Aid, Private Schools, Public Schools, School Choice, Tax Credits, Tuition
Publications, Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance, School of Education, CERAS Building, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 ($1.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Research on Educational Finance and Governance.
Note: Prepared for the Tuition Tax Credit Seminar (Washington, DC, October 22, 1981).