ERIC Number: ED224098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Title I and the Australian Disadvantaged Schools Program. Paper No. 80-2.
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is similar to the Disadvantaged Schools Program of Australia in some ways and distinctively different in others. This comparison of the two programs by an Australian educator points out the similarities and differences in program purpose, regulation, funding targets, and local control. Both programs provide federal funds to schools operated and funded primarily at the state level, and both are aimed at improving schooling in poorer communities. The extent of financial inequality among American districts, however, prevents the American program from bringing low income districts up to the national average, whereas the Australian program allows schools with above average needs to receive funding above the generally equal level already provided. The American program has more stringent regulations, is targeted at individual low-achieving students in low income districts, and establishes specific standards for achievement, particularly in basic skills areas. The Australian program is targeted at schools and permits local authorities to determine the most effective use of resources. The author suggests that the programs serve different social functions and that American conditions have so changed that a program like Australia's might now prove more appropriate. (PGD)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Schools, Educational Equity (Finance), Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equalization Aid, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Federal Regulation, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Program Effectiveness, School District Autonomy
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Center for Educational Research at Stanford.
Identifiers: Australia; Disadvantaged Schools Program (Australia); Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I
Note: Publication of the U.S.-Australia Education Policy Project.