ERIC Number: ED224060
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Media and Terrorism: Toward the Development of an Instrument to Explicate Their Relationship.
Decker, Warren; Rainey, Daniel
A content analysis instrument was developed to help gain better insight into perceptions regarding terrorist violence and its power over mass media and to determine whether media coverage of such incidents encourages subsequent incidents. The first 3 days of coverage of two terrorist events as reported by the "New York Times" and the "Washington Post" were chosen: the 1977 Hanafi Muslim takeover of three buildings in Washington, D.C., and the Black September killings at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany. The inital instrument included a limited number of categories/units, which then yielded a second series of categories, including the number of words devoted to (1) the terrorists' requests for publicity, (2) information about the hostages or victims, (3) loss of property or injuries with such activites, (4) governmental helplessness during the incident, and (5) criticism of media coverage of terrorist activity. In the course of this first phase of the project, the researchers observed that the terrorists were not always assured that their cause would be explained in any detail, or that any sympathetic education of the audience would take place; that the nature of the coverage did not appear even handed or simply informative, but was instead neutral or negative; and that the coverage of a terrorist attack in which lives were lost did not over-sensationalize the situations being reported. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Media Role; Terrorism
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (68th, Louisville, KY, November 4-7, 1982).