ERIC Number: ED224029
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Paddling Upstream: The Importance of Learning Style for the Teacher of Literature.
Applying Carl Jung's theories positing two types of people, extraverts (E) and introverts (I), and two ways of perceiving, directly through the senses (S) and intuitively (N), to education reveals that the majority of educators are IN's while the majority of students are ES's. To tap the natural energy of the majority of students, the curriculum must be adapted to create an ES classroom. Action-oriented ES English classrooms can be created in a variety of ways: field trips, the acting-out of scenes, or interviews--using the hands as well as the head. It is essential that physical movement be permitted in the classroom. Teachers should also move slowly from the student's experience to new concepts, starting with facts before moving to abstract ideas. Students should be encouraged to read about real things, relevant to their lives, and to do real things as well. The arts are a natural way to simulate the students' senses, and like the other elements of this approach, can be used in a cross curricular way. Multimedia materials--films, computers, tape recorders--help make the intangible tangible to the student. Group interaction--peer tutoring, group projects, debates--provides the person-to-person contact the extravert needs. Finally, providing sensory pleasure--eating, painting, class outings--gives the extraverted sensory types the fullness of life they desire. (JL)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Jung (Carl G)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Council of Teachers of English (15th, Saskatoon, Canada, August 15-20, 1982).