ERIC Number: ED223999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Pupils' Understanding of Logical Connectives in Selected Texts in History.
Wishart, Elizabeth; Smith, J. Lea
Using a list of 15 logical connectives and a selected sample of 216 students from the higher range of ability in two British comprehensive schools, a study investigated the comprehension of those logical connectives in two contexts, "everyday" and "history." The 15 connectives tested occurred in a chapter of the textbook, "The Modern World Since 1870." The connectives tested included "consequently,""yet,""nevertheless,""moreover,""in fact,""so far,""above all,""from the start,""obviously,""if,""unlike,""furthermore,""such as,""actually," and "now." Fifteen short passages were taken, almost verbatim, from the chapter. Each of these contained one word from the list. From these passages two forms of test were prepared--a gap filling form and a sentence completion form. A regression analysis was carried out to examine the effects of age, context, test type, school, and sex on the ability to understand logical connectives. Results showed that the difference in the students' ability to understand the connectives in each of the two contexts was significant, but there was no significant difference by age, sex, or test type. Furthermore, there was no correlation between students' ability to understand connectives and their ability to use connectives in their writing. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Connectives (Grammar); Great Britain
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the United Kingdom Reading Association (19th, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, July 19-23, 1982).