ERIC Number: ED223963
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug-23
Reference Count: 0
Sex-Role Orientation and Leadership Styles: Further Exploration.
Studies have shown that, in small groups, two types of leaders generally emerge, i.e., a task specialist concerned with achieving the group's goals and a social-emotional specialist concerned with the morale and cohesiveness of the group. To determine if leadship style is related to sex role orientation, rather than to biological sex, to demonstrate that this notion generalizes to groups of different size and sex role composition, and to examine the stability of leadership patterns over time, college students (N=500) completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory. Masculine males (N=12), feminine females (N=12), androgynous males (N=12), and androgynous females (N=12) were selected to form 12 groups consisting of one person each from each sex role category. Each group met 1 hour per week for 4 weeks to discuss legal cases. Discussions were videotaped and scored using Bales Interation Process Analysis. Results supported the contention that sex role orientation and group leadership behavior were the result of socialization rather than biology. Results also demonstrated that leadership styles were stable over time and attested to the utility of a synthesis of theoretical perspectives on androgyny and leadership as a way to provide a more balanced conception of leadership. These findings may benefit both women and men by helping them to recognize important skills each individual can contribute to group functioning. (PAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).