ERIC Number: ED223939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Creating Behavioral Scripts on Personal Intentions.
Anderson, Craig A.
People daydream, plan, and anticipate. They think frequently about their own actual or potential behaviors, and create behavioral scenarios (or scripts) in which they are the main character. To investigate the relationship between thinking about a behavior and one's expectancies or intentions to perform that behavior, subjects (N=93) in Experiment 1 were induced to imagine six different behavioral scenarios, and to sketch out the scenario in cartoon form. The instructors asked 30 subjects to imagine and sketch themselves as the main character, 33 subjects to imagine and sketch their best friend, and 30 subjects to imagine and sketch a person they knew and disliked. If intentions are based on the relative availability of appropriate behavioral scripts, then it was hypothesized that intentions should change in the direction of imagined and drawn cartoon scripts, but only for subjects who drew themselves as the main character. Results suggest that thinking about a course of action--creating a self-referent behavioral scenario or script--can produce intention changes in the direction that is being imagined. Subjects, in essence, created salient behavioral scripts. In Experiment 2, subjects (N=21), repeated Experiment 1 to verify results, and then behavioral intentions were assessed 3 days after the cartoon task to see if initial changes persisted across time. Results of Experiment 2 replicated results of Experiment 1, and the magnitude of the induced changes appeared undiminished after a 3-day period. (PAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (54th, Minneapolis, MN, May 6-8, 1982).