ERIC Number: ED223921
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug-23
Reference Count: 0
Therapeutic Influence as a Function of Counselor Attire and the Seating Arrangement in an Initial Interview.
Gass, Carlton S.
Initial impressions of a counselor's credibility and attractiveness may affect the development of rapport as well as client attrition. Recent research has focused on contextual clues in the counseling setting which may influence client perceptions. The effects of counselor attire and the seating arrangement were examined in a counseling analogue in which 206 college students viewed a slide presentation and listened to a taped interview. Although the casual attire/no desk setting elicited the highest attraction ratings, the counselor was perceived as maximally expert in the formal attire/behind desk context. Females responded to the behind the desk arrangement with lower counselor ratings across all measures. Initial impressions were highly correlated with subjects' willingness to see the counselor. The results suggest that the meaning of individual cues for a client may be determined only within a more global context of other cues. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Seating Preferences
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).