ERIC Number: ED223893
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Equal Employment Opportunity: What We Believe, What We Know, What Research Can Show.
Some Americans believe that governmental attempts to end discrimination in employment have gone too far, leading to reverse discrimination and excessive governmental power. Others believe that the government has not gone far enough. Evidence shows that discrimination against women and members of minority groups has declined, even though it is still common. Cases of reverse discrimination have occurred, but there is no evidence that it is widespread. Ambiguities in data and stories make concern about reverse discrimination understandable. Four basic types of reasons for the intensity of concern over equal employment opportunities and affirmative action exist, those related to: distributive justice, impact on employee income, governmental and business power and legitimacy, and social perceptions of labor force processes. Many social scientists at universities also believe that affirmative action is having an impact and that reverse discrimination is common. Their personal experiences seem to contradict results of systematic studies of equal employment opportunities and affirmative action, and their social positions in universities are likely to affect their perceptions. Gaps in knowledge about equal employment opportunities and affirmative action have implications for research in social stratification, other areas of sociology, and public policy. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, CA, September 6-10, 1982).