ERIC Number: ED223811
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Work Attitudes, Non-Work Situation, and Employment Status of Nurses.
Gaertner, Karen N.
The employment status of nurses was examined in the context of a role-conflict/job-satisfaction model. Data were analyzed from questionnaires from 4,191 nurses currently employed in hospitals or not employed at all. The sample was from a major metropolitan area in the Midwest. The most satisfying aspects of nursing work were shown to be working with other nurses and with patients. Nurses were least satisfied with personal child care availability and chances for advancement. Older nurses tended to be more satisfied with many aspects of work. Nurses with children under the age of 13 at home related more dissatisfaction with working conditions. Life-cycle variables were strongly related to nurse-employment status. One characteristic of work, hours and schedules, was related negatively to employment status, perhaps pushing nurses out of hospital employment, while the nursing work itself tended to be the strongest positive correlate of hospital employment. The extent to which nurses had other competing role obligations (spouses and/or young children) affected work satisfaction and employment status. Data supported the notion that role conflict contributed more heavily than other factors to nurse attrition. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH. School of Management.
Identifiers: Life Cycles
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, CA, September 6-10, 1982).