ERIC Number: ED223810
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Which Female Medical Students Select a Career in Surgery.
Burnley, Cynthia S.; Burkett, Gary L.
A study examined characteristics of female medical students who indicated an intention to specialize in surgery, traditionally a male-dominated field. Family backgrounds, career motivations, and career orientations from this group were compared with the same characteristics of female medical students selecting other fields of specialization. Data were collected in a national survey of third-year medical students in the spring of 1978. Questionnaires were returned by 1,238 persons from 112 different United States medical schools. The Association of American Medical Colleges provided anonymous background data from the respondents' admission records. Women selecting surgery were more likely never to marry, to have a physician father and homemaker mother, and to have higher family income. Female surgery students decided on a medical career at younger ages, were more certain of their choices of specialization, and were more likely to be interested in a private practice. In regards to career orientation, female surgery students were more likely to state that the desire for financial rewards is important and that physicians need to sacrifice personal time for the sake of their work. They were less likely to report that the time demands of most medical practices are unreasonable. Shown through these characteristics, the women selecting surgery were significantly different from women entering other areas of specialization and were more similar to male medical students. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources Administration (DHEW/PHS), Bethesda, MD. Bureau of Health Manpower.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Career Motivation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, CA, September 6-10, 1982).