ERIC Number: ED223725
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Personality Inventory for Children.
The development of the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC) began with the core concept that maternal reports would provide data for child guidance evaluation and the consequent belief that maternal responses to a 600-item administration booklet could yield scales useful in determining child and family status. Two areas of weakness were found: (1) the lack of depth of clinical correlates left the test user to extrapolate from assumed characteristics of criterion group members and/or scale item content; and (2) the documentation of cutting scores did little to suggest at what elevations a scale has clinical meaning. Therefore, criterion data was collected from parents in the form of a clinic application blank. The resulting actuarial study, completed in 1979, analyzed 431 PIC protocols from children and adolescents during 1976 and 1977, comparing each of the 16 profile scales with 322 potential correlates. These analyses identified a reasonably robust number of cross-validated correlates and also delineated scale T-score ranges where these correlates were the most likely descriptive. Concerns which were also explored include: (1) the use of maternal reports to predict cognitive characteristics of their children, (2) the possibility that PIC scales represent maternal observations that can be distorted, and (3) the length of the administration booklet. (PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Personality Inventory for Children
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August, 1982).