ERIC Number: ED223516
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Nov-4
Reference Count: 0
Social Control and the Education of Nineteenth-Century American Women.
The expansion of higher education in the 19th century United States to include women both restricted and increased their freedom. Because the industrial revolution and the movement westward limited the availability of men, the "moral guardian" role society prescribed for women was logically extended to teaching. The reason, however, for the inclusion of women in education was based on economy (women teachers were paid less than men) and the shortage of male teachers. Thus, public arguments for women's education were quite different from private considerations. The economic needs that dictated that women would be the principal members of the teaching profession were obscured by pronouncements of women's superior moral and nurturing powers. For the women who realized that lack of education was a barrier to independence and respectability, their involvement in teaching was an important way to justify their own education. With literacy, women gained leverage and began to press for equal social, political, and economic opportunities. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Social Control
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Studies Association (Nashville, TN, November 4, 1982).