ERIC Number: ED223506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Brushfire Wars: Religion, Politics, and Education in Cincinnati, 1836-1853.
Perko, F. Michael
In Cincinnati, Ohio, between 1836 and 1853, controversy over religious education resulted from religious, ethnic, and political factors. Debate began between Catholics (mostly German and Irish immigrants) and Protestants over which Bible should be used in the public schools. (It was accepted that daily Bible readings were to be a part of religious education). A Catholic archbishop urged the use of Catholic Douay Bibles along with the already accepted King James version. In 1840, the school board refused to act upon the archbishop's recommendation and adopted the Bible of the American Bible Society. After 1852, a resolution that students read the versions of the scriptures preferred by their parents was adopted; however, the King James was still the normative version. The 1853 election issue shifted to a debate over state funding for Catholic schools, with strong anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic sentiments. Catholics focused on the rights of parents to educate their children. The election began a wave of success for evangelical Protestantism in Cincinnati and Catholics began to seek other avenues for their political and educational aspirations. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Ohio (Cincinnati)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the History of Education Society (New York, NY, October, 1982).