ERIC Number: ED223486
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Educational Change and Its Effect on Culturally Disadvantaged Populations: A Case Study, Israel.
Educational change in Israel during the last 30 years is illustrated by comparing the status of Oriental and Ashkenazic (European) Jews. As opposed to the dominant Ashkenazic values of socialism, collectivism, and industrialism, the Oriental Jews in Israel value family, personalism, and traditionalism. As a result, the Israeli system tends to discourage the upward mobility (through educational attainment) of the Orientals. The problems have been recognized. From 1948 to 1958 formal equality characterized governmental policy in which a unified school system under the control of the state worked toward a unified culture. From 1958 to 1968 the policy of compensatory education sought to rectify mistakes inherent in the previous policy. Children of non-European origin were considered culturally disadvantaged and were enrolled in programs to bring them up to the level of the European Jews. By 1968 it was apparent that compensatory education was not closing the gap. From that time to the present educational reform has consisted of academic, vocational, and agricultural curricula. Although the reform has stressed the rich cultural heritage of the Orientals and has extended free tuition to the post-elementary level, the restructuring of the system has perpetuated the values of the dominant group, the Ashkenazi. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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