ERIC Number: ED223485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Comparative Analysis of Cognition and Moral Judgment in Chicano, Black, and Anglo Children.
A sample of 245 Chicano, Black, and Anglo children, grades 2-9, from three midwestern states was chosen for a comparative study of moral judgment, to measure differences among the ethnic groups and to determine whether they made the same progression through Kohlberg's three levels of moral development. Subjects viewed video tapes of five moral dilemmas modeled after Johnson and Piaget. Responses were measured by a variation of Rest's Defining Issues Test. Results indicated the predicted progression for retribution vs. restitution (increasing belief in restitution), with very mixed results for immanent justice (wrong deeds bring their own punishment), moral realism (acts should be judged by results, not motives), severity of punishment, and communicable responsibility (group responsibility for misdeeds). Anglos scored higher on most measures at most grade levels. There was no consistent difference between Blacks and Chicanos. Reasons suggested for ethnic differences include bias in the definition of stages, variations in social experience, the multi-dimensionality of moral judgment, and the methodology of the research. (IM)
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Blacks, Cognitive Development, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Developmental Stages, Elementary School Students, Ethnic Groups, Junior High School Students, Mexican Americans, Moral Development, Moral Values, Racial Differences, Social Experience, Social Science Research, Value Judgment
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chicanos; Defining Issues Test; Kohlberg (Lawrence); Piaget (Jean)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (San Francisco, CA, September, 1982).