ERIC Number: ED223421
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Activities for TOPS. A Program in the Teaching of Problem Solving.
Armstrong, Richard; And Others
This material is a product of a cooperative project of the Cincinnati Public Schools, the Detroit Public Schools, and CEMREL, Incorporated. The Teaching of Problem Solving (TOPS) project began in the 1980-81 school year under CEMREL's contract with the Basic Skills Improvement Office of the United States Department of Education. The approach used in the TOPS activities is to lead students through sequences of problem solving experiences presented in game-like and story situations. The material's design is based on the pedagogical theory fundamental to CEMREL's Comprehensive School Mathematics Program (CSMP), which emphasizes non-verbal languages to give pupils in grades K-6 access to mathematical ideas and methods necessary for posing interesting and challenging problems and solving them. It is noted that further information on the pedagogical and philosophical roots of TOPS is available through CSMP literature. The major portion of the document is divided into five sections: (1) Problem Solving in the String Game; (2) Problem Solving with the Minicomputer; (3) Problem Solving with the Hand Calculator; (4) Problem Solving through Detective Stories; and (5) Problem Solving with Arrows. Each section has a separate table of contents listing activities and games. Each item includes prerequisites, objectives, and instructional strategies. (Author/MP)
Descriptors: Calculators, Educational Games, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Learning Activities, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
CEMREL, Inc., 3120 59th Street, St. Louis, MO 63139.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Basic Skills Improvement Program.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Louis, MO.