ERIC Number: ED223361
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Parent-Infant to Parent-Toddler Interaction: Task and Scoring Modifications.
Allert, Adrienne; And Others
This paper outlines a methodology for assessing change in the parent-child relationship between infancy and toddlerhood. Specifically, the paper focuses on the utilization of the same or comparable tasks to observe and rate parent-child interactions at infancy and toddlerhood, and points out the scoring modifications that proved helpful in analyzing temperament and behavior data obtained in two empirical studies. The task and scoring modifications enabled the researchers to investigate parent and child behavior using temperament as the independent variable. Fifty Caucasian mothers and fathers with their first-born, 4- to 8-month-old infants comprised the sample of the first study. Forty-one of the fifty families were available for the second study when the children were 19- to 24-months-old. Measurements of temperament were made with the Carey Infant Temperament Questionnaire - Revised, 1978 (for 4 - 8-month-old infants) and the Toddler Temperament Scale (for 1 - 3-year-old children). Behavioral interactions were observed and rated between mother/child and father/child dyads at both developmental stages during a series of structured tasks suitable for demonstrating individual differences among children. It is concluded that much longitudinal information is to be gained by successfully assigning equivalent structured tasks for children at different developmental levels. (RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Task Modifications; Toddlers
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).