ERIC Number: ED223203
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
Eye Movement as an Index of Learning.
Nesbit, Larry L.
The relationship between cognitive activity, achievement, and the number of eye fixations used by a learner in viewing visuals was examined. Past research has shown a positive correlation between learning and number of eye fixations and indicated that both the stimulus materials themselves and the viewer's intelligence level may influence viewing behavior. Complexity and novelty of stimulus have also been previously studied, with contradictory results. The present study used an unobtrusive eye movement measuring system to record the number of eye fixations when subjects were shown either line drawings, shaded drawings, or realistic photographs. Results, based on immediate posttesting, support previous findings that (1) a relationship exists between the number of eye fixations and internal cognitive activity; (2) novelty is an important factor in viewing visuals; and (3) the intelligence level of the subject influences the number of eye fixations. Additional research is needed to determine whether and how different types of visuals influence eye movements. This research study report includes 17 references. (LMM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: AECT Research and Theory Division Meeting; Stimulus Complexity
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Research and Theory Division (Dallas, TX, May 1982). For other papers, see IR 010 442-487.