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ERIC Number: ED222907
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Upgrading the Research Paper toward "Real Writing" by Using Prewriting Ploys, Critical Probe-Questions, and Audience-Relating.
Beck, James
Prewriting, critical probe questions, and post-writing-recasting for plural audiences-(audience-relating) are three tactics that can be used in research paper instruction to help college students gain skill in "real world" writing and in critical assessment of issues and evidence. The prewriting tactics of freewriting, listing specifics, and free-associative meditation are guided by stimulus questions. The second tactic, probe questions, can be tailored for specific groups. For freshmen, the following eight-point probe works well: (1) definition, (2) relevance, (3) factual orientation, (4) issues of interest, (5) interdisciplinary orientation, (6) moral dimension, (7) public policy and practice, and (8) critical reading and thinking. The third tactic, recasting the paper into different forms and for different audiences, emphasizes real world writing. Thus, these approaches have goals in terms of the research paper itself, the writing act, and education as such. (JL)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Heuristic Methods; Research Papers (Students)