ERIC Number: ED222837
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Chunking Cognitive Maps: The Symmetry of the Resulting Representation and Its Effect on Interference.
Hanley, Gerard L.; Levine, Marvin
One of the important cognitive strategies individuals use when learning is to organize many bits of information into integrated patterns called chunks. To investigate the process of chunking spatial information, 32 college students integrated two cognitive maps either before or after an interfering task. The combined spatial layout formed either a symmetric or asymmetric configuration. The accuracy of movement between points in the spatial layouts significantly increased only when symmetric representations were constructed before the interference. Speed-accuracy tradeoffs during the integration of the spatial layouts and during the performance of the tests could not account for the increased accuracy. The results suggest that the facilitating effect of chunking requires not only the generation of an integrated representation, but also an additional abstraction derived from the integration representation. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (53rd, Baltimore, MD, April 15-18, 1982).