ERIC Number: ED222530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Factor Structures of Anxiety Measures: A Multiple Group Comparison.
Kameoka, Velma A.; And Others
Confirmatory maximum likelihood estimation of measurement models was used to evaluate the construct generality of self-report measures of anxiety across male and female samples. These measures included Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Taylor's Manifest Anxiety Scale, and two forms of Endler, Hunt and Rosenstein's S-R Inventory of Anxiousness. Data from 256 females and 135 males were analyzed by testing a sequence of hypotheses regarding equality of measurement properties of each scale across groups. The generality of the measurement model identified for each scale was assessed by examining the extent to which the obtained model was factorially invariant across sex groups. Results indicate that, with the exception of the Manifest Anxiety Scale, all measures obtained statistically invariant factor patterns across groups. Implications of these findings for the measures' practical use in multiple group comparisons are discussed. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Invariance Principle; Manifest Anxiety Scale; SR Inventory of Anxiousness (Endler et al); State Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (66th, New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).