ERIC Number: ED222502
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: 0
On the Validity of Reflection-Impulsivity as a Construct in Classroom Research.
Campbell, Donald S.; Davis, Ronald B.
A multitrait-multimethod design provided the basis for variable selection and analysis on the nature of cognitive impulsivity in natural classroom settings. Observational measures were developed for field dependence-independence, as well as for low- and high conceptual level to determine their ecological validity. They were designed to form an inferential hierarchy for each of the styles, completing the multitrait-multimethod matrix. Teacher rating scales, global measures, and behavior check lists were developed. Subjects were six female and six male adult student prison inmates (mean age = 31.6, mean grade level = 11). Observations were made by viewing a 40-minute videotape of students engaged in classroom discussion and problem solving activities. The reflection-impulsivity style construct emerged as an ecologically valid and parsimonious descriptor of a component of student behavior. The unusually high rank-order correlations obtained and the patterns which emerged from the matrix suggest justification for use, although results in terms of correlations must be viewed as tenuous in view of the small number of subjects involved. (PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ministry of the Solicitor General, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Conceptual Styles Test; Field Dependence Independence; Matching Familiar Figures Test (Kagan); Multitrait Multimethod Techniques; Psychological Constructs; Self Control Rating Scale (Kendall Wilcox)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (66th, New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).