ERIC Number: ED222273
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Identifying the Missing Links in the Study of Latchkey Children.
Galambos, Nancy L.; Garbarino, James
Despite widespread and growing public and professional concern for latchkey children (children unsupervised before or after school), only a few empirical studies of such children are available. This study examined school adjustment, intrinsic versus extrinsic orientation in the classroom, academic achievement, and fear levels in fifth- and seventh-grade children living in a rural community. Three comparison groups were initially formed, including: (1) 21 children who had working mothers and who were regularly unsupervised before or after school, (2) 29 children of working mothers who reported that their children had continual adult supervision, and (3) 27 children supervised continually by nonworking mothers. A multivariate analysis performed on the dependent measures revealed that latchkey children did not differ significantly from supervised children. Multiple regression analyses also failed to indicate that lack of supervision was predictive of the dependent variables. These results, occurring in a "safe" rural environment, contrast significantly with data gathered in "dangerous" urban environments and suggest that future research examine community settings as mediators in determining the needs of latchkey children. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Intrinsic Extrinsic Classroom Orientation; Latchkey Children
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).