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ERIC Number: ED222250
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Recent Advances in the Treatment of Anxiety in Children.
Karoly, Paul
Traditional perspectives on children's fears and anxiety neither provide satisfying answers to fundamental and important questions nor provide paths to effective clinical intervention. Recently, investigators assessing and treating phobic children by means of active, multi-layered, coping-oriented, temporally extended, and child-centered methods have tended to achieve better results than those who aim at quickly eliminating fear with minimal parent or caretaker collaborative involvement. Although little research has been conducted on very young children who are extremely fearful, the body of literature dealing with observational learning as a treatment for anxious and avoidant patterns is impressive. It appears that disinhibition, new learning, the establishment of positive outcome expectancies, response facilitation, and heightened responsivity to environmental stimuli can result from children's simply observing other children acting successfully in phobic situations. Investigators have also begun to explore anxiety-related thoughts and images, as well as self-regulatory processes in the acquisition, maintenance, and modification of children's fears. Studies that use cognitive-behavioral treatment packages involving both fearful children and their parents represent important steps toward the expansion of clinical fear paradigms. While these approaches are promising, critical issues remain to be addressed, including the improvement of research designs testing effects of clinical interventions and consideration of risks and limitations of self-instructional and related mediational interventions. (RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cognitive Mediation; Critical Analysis
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (90th, Washington, DC, August 23-27, 1982).