ERIC Number: ED222173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar-10
Reference Count: 0
Designing Computer-Based Education for Effective Information Retrieval: A Cognitive Science Approach.
Evans, Richard W.
Questions related to the instructional design of computer-based educational systems were addressed in a study in which college psychology majors completed a computer-based course in statistics using instructional units developed to teach the desired knowledge within the context of situations to which the knowledge is relevant--a technique called problem-oriented instruction. A set of 16 instructional units was developed, and those units which followed problem-oriented instruction design guidelines began by introducing students to a problem, the solution of which was the topic of the unit. The units were constructed to guide students, through an interactive process, toward the solution of the problem. Approximately 36 students enrolled in the course. Evaluation of the instructional approach revealed that students preferred the computer-based system to workbooks and that a significant improvement occurred in student rates of retention over lecture- and workbook-based methods of presentation. It was concluded that the improvement in students' problem-solving ability stemmed from the fact that many lessons in the course followed a problem-oriented instruction format. A detailed discussion of the results and their implications is presented and a bibliography and three figures are included. (JL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Cognitive Research