ERIC Number: ED222146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Engineering Manpower and Education: Foundation for Future Competitiveness.
Business-Higher Education Forum, Washington, DC.
Important issues, approaches, and options pertaining to supply and utilization of engineering manpower in the United States are outlined. An overview is presented of ongoing engineering manpower surveys, projections, and patterns, with particular emphasis on activities and trends of the past 2 years. Attention is also directed to manpower planning, options that may influence the future development and utilization of U.S. engineering manpower, and specific programs for action for the Business-Higher Education Forum. Events over the past 2 years suggest that the state of engineering education and the present and future shortage of new faculty members qualified at the doctoral level require immediate attention. Other concerns include the impacts of foreign student presence on U.S. campuses, whether U.S. technical manpower is competitive with that of other nations, and the cyclical behavior of engineering enrollments and employment. One problem is that industry offers higher starting salaries and better facilities for engineering graduates than many universities. Another key issue is the opportunity structure offered by industry and higher education: many engineering faculty are seeking new environments in which to optimally practice their profession. While progress has been made in improving the information available to industry, education, and government, more effort is needed to develop and validate models that can predict future manpower needs. The forum recommends that universities establish competitive salaries independent of campuswide scales in order to retain current faculty, recruit new staff, and attract students to pursue doctoral degrees. (SW)
Descriptors: Business, Career Choice, College Faculty, Doctoral Programs, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Engineering Education, Engineers, Enrollment Trends, Foreign Students, Higher Education, Incentives, Industry, Information Needs, Labor Supply, Labor Utilization, Planning, Professional Development, School Business Relationship, Teacher Employment, Teacher Salaries, Teaching (Occupation), Work Environment
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Business-Higher Education Forum, Washington, DC.