ERIC Number: ED222113
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: 0
Small College Retention. A Study and Proposal for Survival.
Martin, C. Joseph; And Others
Findings from a study of 1980-81 student attrition at Bethel College, Indiana, are examined, and new directions at the college for 1981-82 are reviewed. In addition, results of a survey of 120 small colleges regarding attrition efforts are discussed. Based on the study findings, four categories of grade point averages (GPA) of Bethel students are compared to: size of high school graduating class, type of high school attended, marital status while a student, church affiliation (missionary/nonmissionary), type of residence during the last semester at Bethel, degree pursued at Bethel, length of time enrolled before leaving school, the length of time since withdrawing, class status at the time of withdrawal, employment status during last semester of enrollment, types of financial aid received during the last two semesters, academic probation status during attendance, percentage of students who had not declared majors when they left school, number of times major was changed, and original plans for completing degree. The findings indicate that students tend to have unrealistic expectations about school and what should happen in obtaining an education. Most of the students indicated that they intended to graduate from the college when they first enrolled as students. Data relating GPA to reasons for dropping out of school indicate that financial aid problems and the lack of meaningful interpersonal relationships are major concerns. A new course on the dynamics of individual development and a 1981 workshop on Piagetian concepts are discussed, along with proposed new directions for the college and statistics on characteristics of dropouts. A questionnaire is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, College Curriculum, College Students, Dropout Characteristics, Educational Background, Expectation, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Individual Development, Institutional Research, School Surveys, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Student Educational Objectives
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bethel College IN
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Personnel and Guidance Association (Detroit, MI, 1982).