ERIC Number: ED222007
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: 0
Special Education Mandated from Birth.
Anderson, Joan D.; Black, Talbot L.
The report presents results from a survey of four states (Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, and Nebraska) regarding mandates for the provision of special education services for children below 3 years of age. An overview of each state's mandate contains a brief description of the law and how it came to be; an explanaton of the way responsibilities are shared among the state education agency, the local education agency, and any regional education units; an examination of service delivery models and a discussion of the way very young children are identified and then referred for special education; and a look at how completely the mandate is being implemented throughout the state and what difference it has made in providing services to infants. A contact person and a mailing address are listed for each state. Mandates among the states are compared in terms of historical background, administrative roles and responsibilities, funding, referral/child find, eligibility for services, service delivery models, certification, and mandate implementation. Noted among findings are that common to all states is a coalition of parents, professionals, and/or concerned citizens in developing and passing the legislation; that there are two general approaches for funding--a combination of federal, state, and local monies (in Maryland and Michigan) and federal funds used for the majority of services (in Iowa and Nebraska); and that home based programs are the predominant means for delivering services to handicapped infants in all four states. Certification of teachers, funding and administration, and eligibility for services are handled in a variety of ways by the different states. Appended is a list of the survey questions used with the four states. (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill. Technical Assistance Development System.
Identifiers: Iowa; Maryland; Michigan; Nebraska
Note: For related documents, see EC 150 072-077.