ERIC Number: ED221927
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar-20
Reference Count: 0
Personality Traits of Urban Female and Male Administrators and Congruence of These Traits with the Occupational Stereotypes of the Male Managerial Model.
Seaberg, John J., Jr.; Wood, Maxie M.
A study showed personality traits of both female and male educational administrators in a southwestern urban public school system to be inconsistent with the standards of stereotypical sex-appropriate roles found in earlier studies. Based theoretically on Holland's vocational choice theory, the study surveyed all 64 female administrators at the building and central office levels and a random sample of 64 male administrators at both levels, utilizing 7 scales of Gough and Heilbrun's Adjective Check List as a data collection instrument. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that female administrators' traits were significantly different from those of males; females' scores were more congruent with occupational stereotypes of the male managerial model than were males' scores; the traits of females at the central office level differed from those of females at the building level; males at both levels shared similar traits; and the traits of both males and females proved inconsistent with society's standards of sex-appropriate roles. The researchers suggest that these findings can be explained if (1) the sample in this study proves atypical, (2) educational administrators prove to be an atypical subpopulation, or (3) sex role stereotypes have changed significantly since the reporting of earlier studies. (Author/PGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Adjective Check List (Gough and Heilbrun); Male Managerial Model; Occupational Stereotypes
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 19-23, 1982).